New Customize Knee for Indians
Total knee replacement surgery has been a boon in alleviating pain and disability in patients suffering from Arthritis. Knee replacement implants so far have been designed according to the anthropologic measurements of the Western people and that’s why these implants sometimes tend to mismatch when used in Indian patients. Knee size and body size differ in Asians compared to Western counterparts. As a result, an Asian’s knee might not fit these prostheses.
According to, Joint Replacement Surgeons, Asians particularly Indians require a higher range of flexion for most of their daily habits and customs. Asians are much smaller and different in size than their western counterparts. They also have poor bone mass and poor bone quality, due to delayed referrals and osteoporosis. Hence in these patients excessive bone cutting is associated with more post procedural complications.
Thanks to advancement in technology that we now have implants that are designed keeping in mind the Asian bone size and shapes. Earlier, we only had implants designed keeping in mind the Asian bone sizes and shapes. Earlier, we only had implants designed as per Caucasian standards (European and American). Indian women tend to have smaller bones compared to their western counterparts and Indian lifestyle also requires more flexible knee movement. Today a plethora of Total knee Replacement Systems are available in the market giving the surgeons and patients a choice. Improper implant fit limits patient’s movement, comfort and increase the chance of post-operative complications.
Such newer modifications in implant design and sizing allow Indian population to achieve as near normal knee bending possible to lead normal lifestyle and stair climbing. In many persons, these newer implants will also allow one to bend knee fully and be able to kneel, squat and sit cross-legged, though excessive use of such postures can impair the longevity of the prosthesis.
Dr. S.S. Bansal, MD & Sr. Interventional Cardiologist, Metro Hospital, Faridabad shared that knee replacement surgery techniques & prosthesis available now a days have made this surgery a safe procedure for patient & provide drastic improvement in their quality of life.
And if such knees are available, where maximum physiological range of movement at knee joint can be maintained after replacement, this is the best thing for our patients. He added that we are happy to have an Orthopaedic team who are very competent & dedicated.